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/*
 * Window management.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2019 Derek Stevens, 2005 Russ Cox, 1994-1996 David Hogan
 * see README for licence details
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <X11/X.h>
#include <X11/Xos.h>
#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <X11/Xutil.h>
#include <X11/Xatom.h>
#include <X11/extensions/shape.h>
#include "config.h"
#include "dat.h"
#include "fns.h"

int isNew;

int manage(Client* c, int mapped) {
  int fixsize, dohide, doreshape, state;
  long msize;
  XClassHint class;
  XWMHints* hints;
  XSetWindowAttributes attrs;

  static XWindowAttributes ra;
  XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, DefaultRootWindow(dpy), &ra);

  trace("manage", c, 0);
  XSelectInput(
    dpy,
    c->window,
    ColormapChangeMask | EnterWindowMask | PropertyChangeMask |
      FocusChangeMask | KeyPressMask);

  /* Get loads of hints */

  if (XGetClassHint(dpy, c->window, &class) != 0) { /* ``Success'' */
    c->instance = class.res_name;
    c->class = class.res_class;
#ifdef ALWAYSDRAW
    c->is9term = shouldalwaysdraw(c);
#else
    c->is9term = 0;
#endif
    if (isNew) {
      c->is9term = isterminalwindow(c);
      isNew = 0;
    }
  } else {
    c->instance = 0;
    c->class = 0;
    c->is9term = 0;
  }
  c->iconname = getprop(c->window, XA_WM_ICON_NAME);
  c->name = getprop(c->window, XA_WM_NAME);
  setlabel(c);

  hints = XGetWMHints(dpy, c->window);
  if (
    XGetWMNormalHints(dpy, c->window, &c->size, &msize) == 0 ||
    c->size.flags == 0)
    c->size.flags = PSize; /* not specified - punt */

  getcmaps(c);
  getproto(c);
  gettrans(c);
  if (c->is9term)
    c->hold = getiprop(c->window, _rio_hold_mode);

  /* Figure out what to do with the window from hints */

  if (!getstate(c->window, &state))
    state = hints ? hints->initial_state : NormalState;
  dohide = (state == IconicState);

  fixsize = 0;
  if ((c->size.flags & (USSize | PSize)))
    fixsize = 1;
  if (
    (c->size.flags & (PMinSize | PMaxSize)) == (PMinSize | PMaxSize) &&
    c->size.min_width == c->size.max_width &&
    c->size.min_height == c->size.max_height)
    fixsize = 1;
  doreshape = !mapped;
  if (fixsize) {
    if (c->size.flags & USPosition)
      doreshape = 0;
    if (dohide && (c->size.flags & PPosition))
      doreshape = 0;
    if (c->trans != None)
      doreshape = 0;
  }
  if (c->is9term)
    fixsize = 0;
  if (c->size.flags & PBaseSize) {
    c->min_dx = c->size.base_width;
    c->min_dy = c->size.base_height;
  } else if (c->size.flags & PMinSize) {
    c->min_dx = c->size.min_width;
    c->min_dy = c->size.min_height;
  } else if (c->is9term) {
    c->min_dx = 100;
    c->min_dy = 50;
  } else
    c->min_dx = c->min_dy = 0;

  if (hints)
    XFree(hints);

  /* Now do it!!! */

  if (doreshape) {
    if (0)
      fprintf(
        stderr,
        "in doreshape is9term=%d fixsize=%d, x=%d, y=%d, min_dx=%d, min_dy=%d, "
        "dx=%d, dy=%d\n",
        c->is9term,
        fixsize,
        c->x,
        c->y,
        c->min_dx,
        c->min_dy,
        c->dx,
        c->dy);
    if (current && current->screen == c->screen)
      cmapnofocus(c->screen);
    if (!c->is9term && c->x == 0 && c->y == 0) {
      static int nwin;

      c->x = 20 * nwin + BORDER;
      c->y = 20 * nwin + BORDER;
      nwin++;
      nwin %= 10;
    }

    if (c->is9term && !(fixsize ? drag(c, Button3) : sweep(c, Button3))) {
      XKillClient(dpy, c->window);
      rmclient(c);
      if (current && current->screen == c->screen)
        cmapfocus(current);
      return 0;
    }
  }

  attrs.border_pixel = c->screen->black;
  attrs.background_pixel = c->screen->white;
  attrs.colormap = c->screen->def_cmap;
  c->parent = XCreateWindow(
    dpy,
    c->screen->root,
    c->x - BORDER,
    c->y - BORDER,
    c->dx + 2 * BORDER,
    c->dy + 2 * BORDER,
    0,
    c->screen->depth,
    CopyFromParent,
    c->screen->vis,
    CWBackPixel | CWBorderPixel | CWColormap,
    &attrs);

  XSelectInput(
    dpy,
    c->parent,
    SubstructureRedirectMask | SubstructureNotifyMask | ButtonPressMask |
      PointerMotionMask | LeaveWindowMask | KeyPressMask);
  if (mapped)
    c->reparenting = 1;
  if (doreshape && !fixsize)
    XResizeWindow(dpy, c->window, c->dx, c->dy);
  XSetWindowBorderWidth(dpy, c->window, 0);

  /*
   * To have something more than only a big white or black border
   * XXX should replace this by a pattern in the white or black
   * such that we can see the border also if all our
   * windows are black and/or white
   * (black (or white)  border around black (or white) window
   *  is not very helpful.
   */
  if (c->screen->depth <= 8) {
    XSetWindowBorderWidth(dpy, c->parent, 1);
  }

  XReparentWindow(dpy, c->window, c->parent, BORDER, BORDER);
#ifdef SHAPE
  if (shape) {
    XShapeSelectInput(dpy, c->window, ShapeNotifyMask);
    ignore_badwindow = 1; /* magic */
    setshape(c);
    ignore_badwindow = 0;
  }
#endif
  XAddToSaveSet(dpy, c->window);
  if (dohide)
    hide(c);
  else {
    XMapWindow(dpy, c->window);
    XMapWindow(dpy, c->parent);
    XUnmapWindow(dpy, c->screen->sweepwin);
#ifdef AUTOSTICK
    if (!isautostick(c))
#endif
      active(c);
    /*else if(c->trans != None && current && current->window == c->trans)
      active(c);*/
    else
      setactive(c, 0);
    setstate(c, NormalState);
  }
  if (current && (current != c))
    cmapfocus(current);
  c->init = 1;

  /* If the window is out of bounds of the screen, try to wrangle it */

  /* If it's bigger than the screen, try to set it maximized */
  if (c->dx >= ra.width || c->dy >= ra.width) {
    if (c->dx >= ra.width)
      quickreshape(
        c,
        -BORDER,
        c->y - BORDER,
        ra.width + 2 * BORDER,
        c->dy + 2 * BORDER);
    if (c->dy >= ra.height)
      quickreshape(
        c,
        c->x - BORDER,
        -BORDER,
        c->dx + 2 * BORDER,
        ra.height + 2 * BORDER);

    /* and if it's got an edge out of bounds, nudge it into bounds */
  } else {
    if (c->x < BORDER) {
      quickreshape(c, 0, c->y - BORDER, c->dx + 2 * BORDER, c->dy + 2 * BORDER);
    }
    if (c->y < BORDER) {
      quickreshape(c, c->x - BORDER, 0, c->dx + 2 * BORDER, c->dy + 2 * BORDER);
    }
    if (c->x + c->dx + BORDER > ra.width) {
      quickreshape(
        c,
        ra.width - (c->dx + 2 * BORDER),
        c->y - BORDER,
        c->dx + 2 * BORDER,
        c->dy + 2 * BORDER);
    }
    if (c->y + c->dy + BORDER > ra.height) {
      quickreshape(
        c,
        c->x - BORDER,
        ra.height - (c->dy + 2 * BORDER),
        c->dx + 2 * BORDER,
        c->dy + 2 * BORDER);
    }
  }

  /*
   * If we swept the window, let's send a resize event to the
   * guy who just got resized.  It's not clear whether the apps
   * should notice their new size via other means.  Try as I might,
   * I can't find a way to have them notice during initdraw, so
   * I solve the problem this way instead.		-rsc
   */
  if (c->is9term)
    sendconfig(c);
  return 1;
}

void scanwins(ScreenInfo* s) {
  unsigned int i, nwins;
  Client* c;
  Window dw1, dw2, *wins;
  XWindowAttributes attr;

  XQueryTree(dpy, s->root, &dw1, &dw2, &wins, &nwins);
  for (i = 0; i < nwins; i++) {
    XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, wins[i], &attr);
    if (attr.override_redirect || wins[i] == s->menuwin)
      continue;
    c = getclient(wins[i], 1);
    if (c != 0 && c->window == wins[i] && !c->init) {
      c->x = attr.x;
      c->y = attr.y;
      c->dx = attr.width;
      c->dy = attr.height;
      c->border = attr.border_width;
      c->screen = s;
      c->parent = s->root;
      if (attr.map_state == IsViewable)
        manage(c, 1);
    }
  }
  XFree((void*)wins); /* cast is to shut stoopid compiler up */
}

void gettrans(Client* c) {
  Window trans;

  trans = None;
  if (XGetTransientForHint(dpy, c->window, &trans) != 0)
    c->trans = trans;
  else
    c->trans = None;
}

void withdraw(Client* c) {
  XUnmapWindow(dpy, c->parent);
  XReparentWindow(dpy, c->window, c->screen->root, c->x, c->y);
  XRemoveFromSaveSet(dpy, c->window);
  setstate(c, WithdrawnState);

  /* flush any errors */
  ignore_badwindow = 1;
  XSync(dpy, False);
  ignore_badwindow = 0;
}

static void installcmap(ScreenInfo* s, Colormap cmap) {
  if (cmap == None)
    XInstallColormap(dpy, s->def_cmap);
  else
    XInstallColormap(dpy, cmap);
}

void cmapfocus(Client* c) {
  int i, found;
  Client* cc;

  if (c == 0)
    return;
  else if (c->ncmapwins != 0) {
    found = 0;
    for (i = c->ncmapwins - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
      installcmap(c->screen, c->wmcmaps[i]);
      if (c->cmapwins[i] == c->window)
        found++;
    }
    if (!found)
      installcmap(c->screen, c->cmap);
  } else if (
    c->trans != None && (cc = getclient(c->trans, 0)) != 0 &&
    cc->ncmapwins != 0)
    cmapfocus(cc);
  else
    installcmap(c->screen, c->cmap);
}

void cmapnofocus(ScreenInfo* s) { installcmap(s, None); }

void getcmaps(Client* c) {
  int n, i;
  Window* cw;
  XWindowAttributes attr;

  if (!c->init) {
    ignore_badwindow = 1;
    XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, c->window, &attr);
    c->cmap = attr.colormap;
    XSync(dpy, False);
    ignore_badwindow = 0;
  }

  n = _getprop(c->window, wm_colormaps, XA_WINDOW, 100L, (void*)&cw);
  if (c->ncmapwins != 0) {
    XFree((char*)c->cmapwins);
    free((char*)c->wmcmaps);
  }
  if (n <= 0) {
    c->ncmapwins = 0;
    return;
  }

  c->ncmapwins = n;
  c->cmapwins = cw;

  c->wmcmaps = (Colormap*)malloc(n * sizeof(Colormap));
  for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
    if (cw[i] == c->window)
      c->wmcmaps[i] = c->cmap;
    else {
      /* flush any errors (e.g., caused by mozilla tabs) */
      ignore_badwindow = 1;
      XSelectInput(dpy, cw[i], ColormapChangeMask);
      XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, cw[i], &attr);
      c->wmcmaps[i] = attr.colormap;
      XSync(dpy, False);
      ignore_badwindow = 0;
    }
  }
}

void setlabel(Client* c) {
  char *label, *p, *lc;
  int i;

  if (c->iconname != 0)
    label = c->iconname;
  else if (c->name != 0)
    label = c->name;
  else if (c->instance != 0)
    label = c->instance;
  else if (c->class != 0)
    label = c->class;
  else
    label = "no label";
  if ((p = index(label, ':')) != 0)
    *p = '\0';
  for (i = 0, lc = label; *lc != '\0'; lc++, i++) {
    if (i >= 23) {
      label[22] = '~';
      label[23] = '\0';
    }
  }

  c->label = label;
}

#ifdef SHAPE
void setshape(Client* c) {
  int n, order;
  XRectangle* rect;

  /* don't try to add a border if the window is non-rectangular */
  rect = XShapeGetRectangles(dpy, c->window, ShapeBounding, &n, &order);
  if (n > 1)
    XShapeCombineShape(
      dpy,
      c->parent,
      ShapeBounding,
      BORDER,
      BORDER,
      c->window,
      ShapeBounding,
      ShapeSet);
  XFree((void*)rect);
}
#endif

int _getprop(Window w, Atom a, Atom type, long len, unsigned char** p) {
  Atom real_type;
  int format;
  unsigned long n, extra;
  int status;

  status = XGetWindowProperty(
    dpy,
    w,
    a,
    0L,
    len,
    False,
    type,
    &real_type,
    &format,
    &n,
    &extra,
    p);
  if (status != Success || *p == 0)
    return -1;
  if (n == 0)
    XFree((void*)*p);
  /* could check real_type, format, extra here... */
  return n;
}

char* getprop(Window w, Atom a) {
  unsigned char* p;

  if (_getprop(w, a, XA_STRING, 100L, &p) <= 0)
    return 0;
  return (char*)p;
}

int get1prop(Window w, Atom a, Atom type) {
  char **p, *x;

  if (_getprop(w, a, type, 1L, (void*)&p) <= 0)
    return 0;
  x = *p;
  XFree((void*)p);
  return (int)(uintptr_t)x;
}

Window getwprop(Window w, Atom a) { return get1prop(w, a, XA_WINDOW); }

int getiprop(Window w, Atom a) { return get1prop(w, a, XA_INTEGER); }

void setstate(Client* c, int state) {
  long data[2];

  data[0] = (long)state;
  data[1] = (long)None;

  c->state = state;
  XChangeProperty(
    dpy,
    c->window,
    wm_state,
    wm_state,
    32,
    PropModeReplace,
    (unsigned char*)data,
    2);
}

int getstate(Window w, int* state) {
  long* p = 0;

  if (_getprop(w, wm_state, wm_state, 2L, (void*)&p) <= 0)
    return 0;

  *state = (int)*p;
  XFree((char*)p);
  return 1;
}

void getproto(Client* c) {
  Atom* p;
  int i;
  long n;
  Window w;

  w = c->window;
  c->proto = 0;
  if ((n = _getprop(w, wm_protocols, XA_ATOM, 20L, (void*)&p)) <= 0)
    return;

  for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
    if (p[i] == wm_delete)
      c->proto |= Pdelete;
    else if (p[i] == wm_take_focus)
      c->proto |= Ptakefocus;
    else if (p[i] == wm_lose_focus)
      c->proto |= Plosefocus;

  XFree((char*)p);
}